the National Unemployment Insurance Fund ( CNAC ) is the Algerian body responsible for the compensation of employees who have lost their jobs for economic reasons; it manages a credit fund for the creation of companies. She participates in the public employment service .
Presentation of the National Unemployment Insurance Fund
Since its creation in 1994, as a public social security institution, (under the supervision of the Ministry of Employment, Labor and Social Security) whose vocation has been to mitigate or “amortize” the social effects resulting from the massive layoffs of salaried employees in the economic sector decided in application of the structural adjustment plan (SAP), the CNAC has gone through various stages in its journey, all characterized each time by the assumption of new tasks entrusted to it by the authorities :
From 1994, the CNAC enforces the legal regime of unemployment compensation for salaried workers who have involuntarily lost their jobs for economic reasons law.
CNAC’s first profession since its inception, unemployment benefits, has actually benefited at the end of 2006, 189 830 unemployed recipients of a total of 201 505 redundant workers whose registration applications were received. Of the 189,830 beneficiaries supported, 176,769 – or 94% of the total number of beneficiaries admitted – exhausted their rights at the end of 2006.
Beneficiaries who are in a situation of suspension of their rights, that is to say recipients who have found a job on fixed-term contracts or are maintained in companies in the process of liquidation, number 5275.
Since most of the unemployment insurance inflows occurred between 1996 and 1999, a period of intensive implementation of SSP measures, a downward trend in the number of unemployed persons registered with the AASB began. since.
From 1998 until 2004, the CNAC implemented the active measures for the reintegration of unemployed recipients, namely job search assistance and self-employment assistance by specially recruited staff. educators – and in centers with infrastructure and equipment also for this purpose. This is how the following achievements were recorded:
– 11,583 unemployed people were trained by job coaching counselors.
– 2,311 unemployed people were accompanied in the creation of their micro-enterprise.
– 12,780 unemployed persons have been trained since 1998 to acquire new qualifications in order to increase their chances of reintegration into working life.
– Since 2004, in the presence of low enrollments in unemployment insurance, the training retraining activity is being reoriented towards the needs of the unemployed promoters as well as companies which will be part of the promotion measures of the employment.
Support for the creation of activities for older unemployed entrepreneurs from 35 to 50 years [ change | change the code ]
As part of the Economic Growth Support Plan (PSCE) and the implementation of the President of the Republic program to combat unemployment and precariousness, the CNAC began working in 2004 to priority to the implementation of the activity support scheme for unemployed promoters aged 35 to 50 until June 2010,
The support system for the creation and extension of activities for unemployed promoters aged 30 to 50 years
Since 2010, new provisions have enabled the population aged between 30 and 50 years to benefit from this system, in particular, the overall amount of the investment threshold increased to DA 10 million instead of DA 5 million and the possibility of extending the production capacity of goods and services for promoters who already have their activity.
The public employment service in Algeria
In accordance with the texts of the International Labor Organization (ILO) 1 , a public employment service is established in Algeria by Decree No. 62-99 of 29 November 1962. It is entrusted to the Office national de la Workforce(ONAMO) 2 . The system will then be revised or supplemented by regulatory or legislative texts on several occasions, notably in 1963 (introduction of a monopoly on migratory flows), 1971 (organization of ONAMO).
In 1990, a change of name of ONAMO was decided and the National Employment Agency (Anem) was created. Other institutions participate in the public employment service: the CNAC in 1994; in 1996, support for young people wanting to start their own business is entrusted to the National Youth Employment Support Agency (ANSEJ).
History [ change | change the code ]
The National Unemployment Insurance Fund (CNAC) was created in July 1994 as a public social security institution. It is responsible for unemployment compensation for former employees who lose their jobs for economic reasons. It manages the unemployment insurance system set up in May of the same year.
This important activity between 1996 and 1999, however, has since declined. In addition to the payment of benefits, the CNAC has set up measures to assist job search and retraining. Since the advent of the device, about 200 000 former employees received an unemployment allowance for an average of 23 months 3 .
Since 2004, the CNAC has been entrusted with the implementation of a support system for job creation for unemployed people aged between 35 and 50 (age lowered to 30 in 2010 3 .
The CNAC has three missions 3 :
- Unemployment compensation for employees who lose their jobs for economic reasons;
- Implementation of active measures to assist with job search or retraining;
- Financing the creation of activities by jobseekers.
The CNAC has approximately 1,500 employees. It has set up 13 regional agencies and 48 wilaya agencies , which depend on the former. In addition to the territorial structures, 22 job search centers and 48 self-employment centers have been set up. These centers are also attached to regional agencies 3 .
The headquarters is located in Algiers . The managing director is Ahmed Chawki Taleb 3 .
Notes and references
- ↑ ILO: Employment for Social Justice and a Fair Globalization – Overview of ILO Programs, Geneva, 2010
- ↑ Jean-Paul Barbier, intermediation in the labor market in the Maghreb countries, International Labor Office, Geneva, 2006
- ↑ a , b , c , d and e Website of the CNAC [ archive ] , consulted in July 2012