The repayment capacity of a loan is the amount of cash that can be released by the borrower at maturity to repay it.
For loans repayable monthly by an individual , it is his monthly income minus his incompressible charges. The banks used especially standards corresponding to a percentage of the borrower stable income (eg 25 or 30% of salary).
This calculation is made in particular by the rating agencies .
For loans to a company means:
- for a medium-term loan, the “free” cash flow (= after deduction of current incompressible investment needs) that can be released at each amortization date of the loan;
- for a short-term loan, it is the amount of its predictable cash at maturity taking into account in particular the payments that the company will receive from its customers before that date.